Malaysia
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currency: Ringgit (MYR)
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strategic location along Strait of Malacca and southern South China Sea
Malaysia history
During the late 18th and 19th centuries, Great Britain established colonies and protectorates in the area of current Malaysia; these were occupied by Japan from 1942 to 1945. In 1948, the British-ruled territories on the Malay Peninsula except Singapore formed the Federation of Malaya, which became independent in 1957. Malaysia was formed in 1963 when the former British colonies of Singapore, as well as Sabah and Sarawak on the northern coast of Borneo, joined the Federation. The first several years of the country's independence were marred by a Communist insurgency, Indonesian confrontation with Malaysia, Philippine claims to Sabah, and Singapore's departure in 1965. During the 22-year term of Prime Minister MAHATHIR bin Mohamad (1981-2003), Malaysia was successful in diversifying its economy from dependence on exports of raw materials to the development of manufacturing, services, and tourism. Prime Minister Mohamed NAJIB bin Abdul Razak (in office since April 2009) has continued these pro-business policies and has introduced some civil reforms.
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Conventional long form: none
Conventional short form: Malaysia
Local long form: none
Local short form: Malaysia
Formerly known as: Federation of Malaya
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Malaysia's capital city is Kuala Lumpur
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Malaysia Constitution:

31 August 1957;
amended many times
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Malaysia population growth rate: 1.542%
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Malaysia highest point: Gunung Kinabalu 4,100 m
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Malaysia lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
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About 5% of Malaysia's land is arable.
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Rajang River is the Longest River in Malaysia
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Malaysia birth rate is 21 births/1,000 population
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Malaysia infant mortality rate is 15 deaths/1,000 live births
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Malaysia fertility rate is 2.61 children born/woman
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Malaysia climate:
tropical;
annual southwest (April to October) and northeast (October to February) monsoons
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Top 10 cities of Malaysia with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Kuala Lumpur: 1,674,621
2. Johor Bahru: 1,386,569
3. Kajang: 795,522
4. Ipoh: 767,794
5. Klang: 744,062
6. Subang Jaya: 708,296
7. Kuching: 617,887
8. Petaling Jaya: 613,977
9. Seremban: 555,935
10. Georgetown: 520,202
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Malaysia ethnic groups:

Malay - 50.4%
Chinese - 23.7%
indigenous - 11%
Indian - 7.1%
others - 7.8%
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Malaysia Exports:

electronic equipment, petroleum and liquefied natural gas, wood and wood products, palm oil, rubber, textiles, chemicals
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Malaysia Imports:

electronics, machinery, petroleum products, plastics, vehicles, iron and steel products, chemicals
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bicameral Parliament or Parlimen consists of Senate or Dewan Negara (70 seats; 44 members appointed by the king, 26 elected by 13 state legislatures to serve three-year terms with a two term limit) and House of Representatives or Dewan Rakyat (222 seats; members elected in 222 constituencies in a first-pass-the-post system to serve up to five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
13 states (negeri-negeri, singular - negeri).
1. Johor
2. Kedah
3. Kelantan
4. Melaka
5. Negeri Sembilan
6. Pahang
7. Perak
8. Perlis
9. Pulau Pinang
10. Sabah
11. Sarawak
12. Selangor
13. Terengganu

and 1 federal territory (Wilayah Persekutuan) with 3 components
1. the city of Kuala Lumpur
2. Labuan
and
3. Putrajaya
Political parties and leaders:
National Front (Barisan Nasional) (BN) (ruling coalition) consists of the following parties:

Gerakan Rakyat Malaysia Party (GERAKAN) - KOH Tsu Koon
Liberal Democratic Party (Parti Liberal Demokratik - Sabah) (LDP) - LIEW Vui Keong
Malaysian Chinese Association (Persatuan China Malaysia) (MCA) - CHUA Soi Lek
Malaysian Indian Congress (Kongres India Malaysia) (MIC) - Govindasamy PALANIVEL
Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah (PBRS) - Joseph KURUP
Parti Bersatu Sabah (PBS) - Joseph PAIRIN Kitingan
Parti Pesaka Bumiputera Bersatu (PBB) - Abdul TAIB Mahmud
Parti Rakyat Sarawak (PRS) - James MASING
Sarawak United People's Party (Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sarawak) (SUPP) - Peter CHIN Fah Kui
United Malays National Organization (UMNO) - NAJIB bin Abdul Razak
United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organization (Pertubuhan Pasko Momogun Kadazan Dusun Bersatu) (UPKO) - Bernard DOMPOK
People's Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Penduduk Malaysia) (PPP) - M.Kayveas

People's Alliance (Pakatan Rakyat) (PR) (opposition coalition) consists of the following parties:

Democratic Action Party (Parti Tindakan Demokratik) (DAP) - KARPAL Singh
Islamic Party of Malaysia (Parti Islam se Malaysia) (PAS) - Abdul HADI Awang
People's Justice Party (Parti Keadilan Rakyat) (PKR) - WAN AZIZAH Wan Ismail
Sarawak National Party (SNAP) - Edwin DUNDANG

notable independent parties:

Sabah Progressive Party (Parti Progresif Sabah) (SAPP) - YONG Teck Lee
State Reform Pary (Parti Reformasi Negeri) (STAR) - Jeffery KITINGAN